The Department of Transportation requires drug tests to be taken under direct observation for the following reasons:(1) The employee attempts to tamper with his or her specimen at the collection site,(2) The medical review officer orders it.(3) The test is a follow-up test or a return to duty test.
He or she is a licensed physican who is responsible for receiving and reviewing laboratory results generated by a drug testing program to evaluate laboratory test results to assure proper interpretation of those results. The MRO contacts the employee to advise when the test is postive and provides an opportunity for the employee to present a medical explanation.
Your employer or prospective employer should have given you the names of SAP’s.In the event you were’nt given names that I would suggest a google search using “DOT Substance Abuse Evaluations” as a search title. DOT SAP’s are the most qualified. The hospital based evaluators and DUI program counselors are not the indivuals who are DOT qualified and they are often conducting screenings for treatment programs.Contact Robert W Harelson PsyD,SAP at http://www.dot-substanceabuseevaluations.com
Companies establish drug and alcohol ploicies. If you are represented by a union contact your union representative.Unions typically address this issue in their contract negotiations. Companies establish a range of different policies. They range from a second chance policy. This typically involves the employee seeking a substance abuse evaluation and complying with the recommendations. The next possibility is a suspension usually from 30-60 days which also involves a substance abuse evaluation. The final policy is termination with no possibilty to be rehired. The bottom line is if a company feels that individual is a valued employee they will work to find a way to continue employment.For additional information contact Robert W Harelson PsyD,SAP @ http://www.dot-substanceabuseevaluations.com.